Outline Of Modules

Experts in the field of mental health and law have developed 10 modules.

    Module 1: BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF MENTAL DISORDERS AND THEIR TREATMENT
    Module 2: BASIC UNDERSTANING OF LAW AND LEGAL SYSTEMS
    Module 3: THE CONTEXT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS
    Module 4: POLICY, SERVICE AND LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR MENTAL HEALTH
    Module 5: ACCESS TO MENTAL HEALTH CARE
    Module 6: ADMISSION AND DISCHARGE FROM HOSPITAL & TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISABILITY
    Module 7: REGULATORY AND REVIEW MECHANISMS
    Module 8: CRIMINAL LAW AND MENTAL DISABILITY
    Module 9: RIGHTS OF PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISABILITY IN THE COMMUNITY – ADDITIONAL SUBSTANTIVE PROVISIONS FOR LEGISLATION
    Module 10: DRAFTING ADOPTING AND IMPLEMENTING MENTAL HEALTH LEGISLATION
    Module 11: SPECIAL TOPICS – RIGHT OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS
    Module 12: SPECIAL TOPICS – RIGHT OF PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISABILITY DURING HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES

Module 1 : BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF MENTAL DISORDERS AND THEIR TREATMENT

  1. Overall Learning Objective
    • To provide students with a basic understanding of the concepts of mental disorder and their treatments
    • The module will also describe the key features of the different mental disorders
  2. Contents of the Module
    • Historical perspective on mental disorders
    • Current Understanding of the main types of mental disorders
    • Broad knowledge of diagnosis and causes, of mental disorders
    • Current views of mental disorder treatments and care of persons with mental disorders
    • Disability burden of mental disorders
    • Direct and indirect economic costs of mental disorders
    • Social costs of mental disorders

Module 2: BASIC UNDERSTANING OF LAW AND LEGAL SYSTEMS

  1. Overall Learning Objective
    • To provide students from a non-legal background with a basic understanding of legal concepts and working of legal systems.
    • The legal systems would cover civil law, common law, customary law, and mixed law systems. The emphasis is on the international aspect of these legal systems and their effects on the formulation of progressive mental health legislation. The aim is to orient students with the core areas of law, the essentials of nature of law and legal reasoning and the critique thereof and historical and social context of law in operation
  2. Contents of the Module
    • Basic understanding of key legal concepts and the nature of legal materials covering all central areas of substantive legal knowledge in the fields of common law, civil law, customary law and mixed law systems.
    • Nature and Concept of Law
    • Sources of Law
    • Processes of Law Making: Development of Law through Judicial, legislative and administrative processes, and comparing criminal and civil law procedures.
    • Rule of Law and its relevance to mental health and human rights
    • Basic understanding of International Law

Module 3 : THE CONTEXT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS

  1. Overall Learning Objective:
    • To develop an understanding of the international human rights framework as it relates to people with mental disabilities, including the implications of the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities, in creating legal obligations on governments to promote and protect the rights of people with mental disabilities.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • At the end of the module, it is expected that students will have developed an understanding of the following:
    • Human rights violations of people with mental disability in relation to access to mental health care, in psychiatric institutions and in community context
    • The UN and regional human rights systems (instruments and treaty monitoring bodies)
    • Key rights of people with mental disorder and international human rights provisions to protect them
    • Links between human rights and mental health

Module 4 : POLICY, SERVICE AND LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR MENTAL HEALTH

  1. Overall Learning Objective:
    • To develop an understanding of mental health policy, service organization and their relationship to mental health legislation
  2. Content of the Module:
    • The role of mental health legislation in promoting human rights
    • The role of mental health policies and plans in promoting human rights:
    • The meaning of mental health policy, plans, and programs
    • The nature of mental health, legislation, policies and plans and key principles for mental health service organization
    • The vital roles each of these can play in promoting the rights of people with mental disability
    • How mental health legislation, policies and service organization are mutually reinforcing and activities for their reform need to be undertaken in a coordinated manner to optimize promotion of human rights

Module 5 : ACCESS TO MENTAL HEALTH CARE

  1. Overall Learning Objective
    • To develop an understanding of how mental health legislation can promote the right to health, the right to live independently and be included in the community, and improve access to quality  mental health care.
  2. Contents of the Module
    • Financial resources for mental health care
    • Integration of mental health services into general health services
    • Promoting services in the community  and de-institutionalization
    • Allocating resources to underserved populations
    • Access to medications and psychosocial interventions
    • Access to health (and other) insurance

Module 6 : ADMISSION AND DISCHARGE FROM HOSPITAL & TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISABILITY

  1. Overall Learning Objective:
    • To understand issues around the right to exercise legal capacity ,the right to liberty and security of person , the right to informed consent and what these means in relation to  processes for admission and treatment of persons with mental disability into mental health facilities and guardianship laws.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • Capacity and competence
    • Promoting voluntary admission and treatment
    • Non-protesting patients
    • Informed consent, supported decision making  and advance directives
    • Deprivation of Liberty and treatment without free and informed consent
    • Treatment in Emergency situations
    • Treatments requiring additional protection
    • Major medical and surgical procedures
    • Seclusion and restraint
    • Protection when participating in clinical and experimental research

Module 7 : REGULATORY AND REVIEW MECHANISMS

  1. Overall Learning Objective
    • To understand the purpose, role, functions and responsibilities of regulatory and review mechanisms.
  2. Contents of the Module
    • Mechanisms to monitor and promote quality and human rights in mental health facilities
    • Complaints and remedies
    • Offenses and Penalties
    • Mechanisms to review cases of involuntary admission and treatment

Module 8 : CRIMINAL LAW AND MENTAL DISABILITY

  1. Overall Learning Objective:
    • To understand the role of provisions in a country’s criminal law in promoting the rights and welfare of persons with mental disability.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • Police Responsibilities
    • Mental Fitness to stand trial
    • Mental illness as a defence
    • Sentencing and treatment including diversion schemes and alternative facilities
    • Post sentencing (serving sentence in prison) stage

Module 9 : RIGHTS OF PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISABILITY IN THE COMMUNITY – ADDITIONAL SUBSTANTIVE PROVISIONS FOR LEGISLATION

  1. Overall Learning Objective:
    • To understand the role of civil and other legislation in promoting the rights of persons with mental disability.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • Anti-discrimination legislation
    • Legislation to protect civil and political rights
    • Legislation to protect economic, social and cultural rights
    • Employment legislation
    • Social Welfare legislation
    • Housing Legislation
    • General health care
    • Integrating mental health into disability legislation

Module 10 : DRAFTING ADOPTING AND IMPLEMENTING MENTAL HEALTH LEGISLATION

  1. Overall Learning Objective:
    • The aim of this module is to develop an understanding of the key issues involved in drafting and enacting legislation and the steps to be taken to ensure effective implementation of legislation.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • Identifying the country’s principal mental health needs as well as existing and likely barriers to mental health care
    • Mapping Legislation relating to persons with mental disability
    • Studying international conventions and standards
    • Reviewing mental health legislation in other countries
    • Building a consensus and negotiating for change with all stakeholder
    • Educating the public
    • Process of drafting and adopting mental health legislation
    • Implementing mental health legislation.

Module 11: Special Topics – Rights of Children with Mental Health Problems

  1. Overall Learning Objective
    • Knowledge on the multi-dimensional effects of social determinants on the mental health of children and policies and programs purported to decrease the risks of mental disorders and to enhance protective factors.
    • To become acquainted with the UN Convention on the Human Rights of Children that provides support for relevant action on issues of advocacy, legislation formulation, and programs and service development, particularly on the primary prevention area.
    • To raise the often neglected field of mental health of children, e.g., in service development and professional training, in the scale of values and importance among the relevant stakeholders, with particular reference to primary prevention action.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • Analysis of selected mental health disorders and conditions on the child that includes a bio-psycho-social focus with regard to their determinants and short and life-long impact.
    • Primary prevention action to halt the cascade of adverse consequences of child abuse, and of early exposure to poverty and reduced cognitive and social stimulation.
    • The UN Convention on the Human Rights of Children comprehensively addresses human rights in relationship to mental health needs of the children and families thus providing the intersectoral platform for their safeguard through legislation, policy, and programs, including training and mental health literacy.

Module 12: Special Topics – Rights of People with Mental Disability during Humanitarian Emergencies:

  1. Overall Learning Objective
    • To develop an understanding of specific needs of people with mental disability during humanitarian emergencies.
    • To gain an overview knowledge of available international instruments(Laws,minimum response standards and Interagency guidelines) to protect and promote rights of people with mental disability during humanitarian emergencies.
  2. Contents of the Module:
    • Mental and Social Aspects of Emergencies.
    • International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law and their relevance to people with mental disability at the times of humanitarian emergencies.
    • International standards to protect and promote the rights of people with mental disability during emergencies.